Hemorrhoids Q & A 

What are hemorrhoids?

Hemorrhoids are swollen veins located in the lower portion of your rectum. When they occur inside the rectum they are considered internal, and when they occur near your anus they are considered external.

As many as three out of every four adults will experience hemorrhoids at one point or another. Some hemorrhoids don’t cause symptoms, while others can be incredibly painful. Hemorrhoids can be painful or bleed.

What causes hemorrhoids?

Any undue pressure that affects the veins near your anus can lead to hemorrhoids. Common causes include:

  • Pregnancy
  • Obesity
  • Long periods of sitting on a toilet
  • Straining during bowel movements
  • Chronic constipation or diarrhea
  • A diet without sufficient fiber

For some, hemorrhoids are a rare occurrence, while others seem to experience them on a frequent basis.   

What are the symptoms of hemorrhoids?

Not all hemorrhoids show symptoms, but when symptoms do occur, they include:

  • Pain
  • Bleeding during bowel movements
  • Swelling in the anal area
  • Lumps in or near your anus
  • Sensations of anal itching or irritation

Can I treat my hemorrhoids at home?

Home remedies can help address swelling and pain caused by hemorrhoids. These are some common self care options:

  • Over-the-counter creams or suppositories
  • Soaking the area in warm water
  • Using moist towelettes after bowel movements
  • Increasing your fiber intake

If these efforts don’t yield the desired results, schedule an appointment with Dr. Rubin to explore more advanced treatment options.

What are medical treatments for hemorrhoids?

Treatment depends on your specific circumstances, but Dr. Rubin has numerous treatment options to choose from.

Most procedures work by cutting off the flow of blood to the affected vein. Cauterization, and rubber band ligation are all effective ways to stop blood from enlarging your veins.

In some cases, surgery is the best way to remove large hemorrhoids. There are different surgical techniques to address internal and external hemorrhoids. Some work by surgically removing the affected tissue, while others block blood flow to the affected veins.

To learn more about your treatment options, schedule a time to meet with Dr. Rubin and discuss your specific needs. A combination of treatment and lifestyle modification can help you move beyond hemorrhoids.

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Moshe Rubin, MD, PLLC


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